Total Pageviews

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

The Smoking Tooth

The smoking tooth will not be found on Wikipedia. Even with it being one of the most important videos to watch, in regards to the health of mankind.

The video

It shows scientific evidence for how easily mercury is released from mercury based dental fillings.

It doesn't talk about how bad mercury fillings are, in regards to how much material must be removed to even use a mercury filling.  The dangers of mercury in your mouth is another thing you won't find on Wikipedia.

If you somehow dismissed the video (probably before it was even finished), be sure to watch the follow up video,  before you make the mistake of claiming it isn't mercury vapor, or somehow the UV light caused it, or whatever people come up with to deny reality.

Saturday, June 8, 2013

Newton's flaming laser sword

While there is an article for Occam's razor, there isn't one for Newton's flaming laser sword.  It's a redirect to the article on Mike Alder, which is already suffering the Wikipedia curse, labeled "not notable".

  The paper by Alder

The battle against global warming

While the term is used multiple times on Wikipedia, there is no article called  The battle against global warming.   Google shows 423,000 results  for " The battle against global warming".  Certainly it exists, but not on Wikipedia.

James Lovelock's views on current Climate Science

Lovelock's reaction to first reading about the stolen CRU emails [he later clarified that he hadn't read the originals, saying: "Oddly, I felt reluctant to pry"]:
I was utterly disgusted. My second thought was that it was inevitable. It was bound to happen. Science, not so very long ago, pre-1960s, was largely vocational. Back when I was young, I didn't want to do anything else other than be a scientist. They're not like that nowadays. They don't give a damn. They go to these massive, mass-produced universities and churn them out. They say: "Science is a good career. You can get a job for life doing government work." That's no way to do science.

I have seen this happen before, of course. We should have been warned by the CFC/ozone affair because the corruption of science in that was so bad that something like 80% of the measurements being made during that time were either faked, or incompetently done.

Fudging the data in any way whatsoever is quite literally a sin against the holy ghost of science. I'm not religious, but I put it that way because I feel so strongly. It's the one thing you do not ever do. You've got to have standards.

You can make mistakes; they're helpful. In the old days, it was perfectly OK to make a mistake and say so. You often learned from it. Nowadays if you're dependent on a grant – and 99% of them are – you can't make mistakes as you won't get another one if you do. It's an awful moral climate and it was all set up for the best of reasons. I think it was felt there was far too much inequality in science and there was an enormous redress. Looking around the country [at the wider society] this was good on the whole, but in some special professions you want the best, the elite. Elitism is important in science. It is vital.
On what the Climate Research Unit at the University of East Anglia – and climate scientists in general – should do to help restore public trust in their work:
Careers have been ended by this affair and the reputation of the institution [CRU] will go down for a while. It's sad because there are some good people there. They have to clean their house if they know people are behaving badly. They have got a rotten job ahead, but it will blow over in a few years. I think if they can produce a coup and produce some really good climate research they will undo all the harm that's been done. And they've now got an incentive to do that.

I would only have been too pleased if someone had asked me for my data. If you really believed in your data, you wouldn't mind someone looking at it. You should be able to respond that if you don't believe me go out and do the measurements yourself.

You don't hide data. But there are some natural limitations to making data public. For example, if you have just received a fresh batch of data you want to make sure that the instruments are properly calibrated and that something else hasn't happened in that region that might explain why a sudden change might have occurred. You've got to be honest about it and explain why you've done what you have done. I think to release the raw data as it comes up, you could see silly sceptics misusing it quite badly.
On the over-reliance on computer modelling:
I remember when the Americans sent up a satellite to measure ozone and it started saying that a hole was developing over the South Pole. But the damn fool scientists were so mad on the models that they said the satellite must have a fault. We tend to now get carried away by our giant computer models. But they're not complete models. They're based more or less entirely on geophysics. They don't take into account the climate of the oceans to any great extent, or the responses of the living stuff on the planet. So I don't see how they can accurately predict the climate. It's not the computational power that we lack today, but the ability to take what we know and convert it into a form the computers will understand. I think we've got too high an opinion of ourselves. We're not that bright an animal. We stumble along very nicely and it's amazing what we do do sometimes, but we tend to be too hubristic to notice the limitations. If you make a model, after a while you get suckered into it. You begin to forget that it's a model and think of it as the real world. You really start to believe it.
On climate sceptics:
We're very tribal. You're either a goodie or a baddie. I've got quite a few friends among the sceptics, as well as among the "angels" of climate science. I've got more angels as friends than sceptics, I have to say, but there are some sceptics that I fully respect. Nigel Lawson is one. He writes sensibly and well. He raises questions. I find him an interesting sceptic. What I like about sceptics is that in good science you need critics that make you think: "Crumbs, have I made a mistake here?" If you don't have that continuously, you really are up the creek. The good sceptics have done a good service, but some of the mad ones I think have not done anyone any favours. Some of them, of course, are corrupted and employed by oil companies and things like that. Some even work for governments. For example, I wouldn't put it past the Russians to be behind some of the disinformation to help further their energy interests. But you need sceptics especially when the science gets very big and monolithic.

I respect their right to be sceptics. Nigel Lawson is an easy person to talk to. He's more like a defence counsel for the sceptics than a right-winger banging the drum. His book is not a diatribe or polemic. He tries to reason his case.

There is one sceptic that everyone should read and that is Garth Paltridge. He's written a book called the Climate Caper. It is a devastating, critical book. It is so good. This impresses me a lot. Like me, he's convinced that if you put a trillion tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which we will have done in 20 years' time, it's going to have some nasty effects, but what we don't know if how nasty and when. If you look back on climate history it sometimes took anything up to 1,000 years before a change in one of the variables kicked in and had an effect. And during those 1,000 years the temperature could have gone in the other direction to what you thought it should have done. What right have the scientists with their models to say that in 2100 the temperature will have risen by 5C? There are plenty of incidences where something turns on the heat, but temperatures actually go down perversely, before eventually going up. A cold winter may mean nothing, as could 10 cold winters in a row.

The great climate science centres around the world are more than well aware how weak their science is. If you talk to them privately they're scared stiff of the fact that they don't really know what the clouds and the aerosols are doing. They could be absolutely running the show. We haven't got the physics worked out yet. One of the chiefs once said to me that he agreed that they should include the biology in their models, but he said they hadn't got the physics right yet and it would be five years before they do. So why on earth are the politicians spending a fortune of our money when we can least afford it on doing things to prevent events 50 years from now? They've employed scientists to tell them what they want to hear. The Germans and the Danes are making a fortune out of renewable energy. I'm puzzled why politicians are not a bit more pragmatic about all this.

We do need scepticism about the predictions about what will happen to the climate in 50 years, or whatever. It's almost naive, scientifically speaking, to think we can give relatively accurate predictions for future climate. There are so many unknowns that it's wrong to do it.
On the blogosphere's reaction to the various revelations over the past few months:
I think the sceptic bloggers should worry. It's almost certain that you can't put a trillion tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere without something nasty happening. This is going to resolve itself and global heating is going to come back on stream and it's these bloggers who are going to be made to look weird when it does. When something like this happens again, they'll say we had all this before with 'Climategate'. But there's a danger that you can go off too strong, like they have. They are not sufficiently aware of the longer-term consequences. I think the sceptics have done us a good service because they've made us look at all this a lot more closely and hopefully the science will improve as a result. But everything has a price and an unexpected price may hit these bloggers. It's the cry-wolf phenomenon. When the real one comes along, they'll be laughed at.
On the Copenhagen summit:
Copenhagen was doomed to fail. But I think it was worth their while trying. A lot of people put their hearts into it. But I've never felt entirely happy with that sort of environmental wing-ding. It's obscene to have 10,000 people flying to Bali or whatever to talk about the environment. It just shows how hopeless humans are. The UN was a lovely idea, but its primary objective was to make sure the British Empire was got rid of. You just can't get all those people to agree.
On the IPCC:
I was all for the IPPC when it was set up. I greatly respect Sir John Houghton [IPCC's co-chairman from 1988-2002]. It wasn't just a bunch of gung-ho scientists wanting to save the world. But then in 2007 there was a paper published in Science with the observational measurements saying the predictions [for sea-level rises] were underestimated. It was a serious underestimating of sea-level rises. The thing people should know about the sea is that surface temperatures can fluctuate all over the place, but we're not measuring the temperatures far down below. There's very little funding, or interest, in direct observational data.
On the influence of vested interests:
We shouldn't let the lobbies influence science. Whatever criticism might befall the IPCC and the UEA, they're nothing as bad as lobbyists who are politically motivated and who will manipulate data or select data to make their political point. For example, it's deplorable for the BBC whenever one of these issues comes up to go and ask what one of the green lobbyists thinks of it. Sometimes their view might be quite right, but it might also be pure propaganda. This is wrong. They should ask the scientists, but the problem is scientists won't speak. If we had some really good scientists it wouldn't be a problem, but we've got so many dumbos who just can't say anything, or who are afraid to say anything. They're not free agents.
On how humans will ever manage to tackle climate change:
We need a more authoritative world. We've become a sort of cheeky, egalitarian world where everyone can have their say. It's all very well, but there are certain circumstances – a war is a typical example – where you can't do that. You've got to have a few people with authority who you trust who are running it. And they should be very accountable too, of course.

But it can't happen in a modern democracy. This is one of the problems. What's the alternative to democracy? There isn't one. But even the best democracies agree that when a major war approaches, democracy must be put on hold for the time being. I have a feeling that climate change may be an issue as severe as a war. It may be necessary to put democracy on hold for a while.
On what it will take to convince the public that meaningful action is required to tackle climate change:
There has been a lot of speculation that a very large glacier [Pine Island glacier] in Antarctica is unstable. If there's much more melting, it may break off and slip into the ocean. It would be enough to produce an immediate sea-level rise of two metres, something huge, and tsunamis. I would say the scientists are not worried about it, but they are keeping a close watch on it. That would be the sort of event that would change public opinion. Or a return of the Dust Bowl in the mid-west. Another IPCC report won't be enough. We'll just argue over it like now.
On what we should be doing to tackle the predicted threats of climate change?
I've always said that adaptation is the most serious thing we can do. Are our sea defences adequate? Can we prevent London from flooding? This is where we should be spending our billions. If wind turbines really worked, I wouldn't object to them. To hell with the aesthetics, we might need them to save ourselves. But they don't work – the Germans have admitted it. It's like the [EU] Common Agricultural Policy which led to corruption and inefficiencies. A common energy policy across Europe is not a good idea. I'm in favour of nuclear for crowded places like Britain for the simple reason that it's cheap, effective and exceedingly safe when you look at the record. We've had it for 50 years, but I can understand the left hating it because it was Thatcher's greatest weapon against the miners because we were then getting 30% of our electricity from nuclear. We could build a nuclear power station in five years, but it's the legal and planning stuff that makes it take 15 years. If governments were serious they would undo this legislation that holds it back.

I don't know enough abut carbon trading, but I suspect that it is basically a scam. The whole thing is not very sensible. We have this crazy idea that we are setting an example to the world. What we're doing is trying to make money out of the world by selling them renewable gadgetry and green ideas. It might be worthy from the national interest, but it is moonshine if you think what the Chinese and Indians are doing [in terms of emissions]. The inertia of humans is so huge that you can't really do anything meaningful.
On the surveys showing that public trust with climate science is eroding:
I think the public are right. That's why I'm soft on the sceptics. Science has got overblown. From the moment Harold Wilson brought in that stuff about the "white heat of technology", science, in Britain at least, has gone down the drain. Science was always elitist and has to be elitist. The very idea of diluting it down [to be more egalitarian] is crazy. We're paying the price for it now.
On whether we are capable as a species of tackling climate change:
I don't think we're yet evolved to the point where we're clever enough to handle a complex a situation as climate change. We're very active animals. We like to think: "Ah yes, this will be a good policy," but it's almost never that simple. Wars show this to be true. People are very certain they are fighting a just cause, but it doesn't always work out like that. Climate change is kind of a repetition of a war-time situation. It could quite easily lead to a physical war. That's why I always come back to the safest thing to do being adaptation. For example, we've got to have good supplies of food. I would be very pleased to see this country and Europe seriously thinking about synthesising food.


The Brückner cycle (or Bruckner Cycle)

 The Brückner cycle does not have an article (or a redirect) on Wikipedia.  Google scholar has some great scientific papers about it. In essence he found climate changes were connected to the sun.  See this image (read the conclusion) for a fascinating look into what real climate science is like. (source of image)

But if you only use Wikipedia, the following is all there is.  Hidden under Eduard Bruckner.
 Brückner was a proponent of the importance of climate change, including the effects on the economy and social structure of society. His research included studies of past climate changes and he proposed the 35-year long Brückner cycle of cold, damp weather alternating with warm, dry weather in northwest Europe. 
The GKSS Research Centre's Eduard Brückner Prize, for outstanding achievement in interdisciplinary climate research, is named after him.

There is also no entry, redirect or anything else about the Eduard Brukner Prize,  on Wikipedia.  He was, and is, quite a fascinating scientist, and one of the first to contemplate climate change and how human activities might influence things.
"The number of hypotheses and theories about climate change are numerous. Quite naturally they have caught the public attention, as any proof of past climactic change points to the possibility of future climate change, which inevitably will have significant implications for global economics". — Eduard Brückne 1890
His extensive research and findings based on study of climate and climate history, led to many things. The quote below is one may be very important.
"Very old and wide-spread is the opinion that forests have an important impact on rainfall. ... If forests enhance the amount and frequency of precipitation simply by being there, deforestation as part of agricultural expansion everywhere, must necessarily result in less rainfall and more frequent droughts". — Eduard Brückner

Thursday, June 6, 2013

Pink Disease

Mentioned in this book, one hundred articles on PubMed, even a redirect on Wikipedia, but of course no entry for it, much less the horrific story involved. Like why so many children died, horribly, or were crippled.  A multiple country endemic "disease" caused by giving infants and children toxic mercury, and it isn't notable enough to have an article on Wikipedia?

You won't find the story of Pink Disease on Wikipedia.  You will find a ridiculous paragraph called Infantile Acrodynia, which in no way actually matches the historic record.  See this paper for more info  Or any of my multiple blog posts about it.

(edit May 2015) There is now an article on Acrodynia, but no story of Pink disease.

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

The Devil's Oven

No entry for the Devil's Oven, not even a mention of it on the Ausable Chasm article. But I found an old image of it on Wikimedia.

It's a feature of the chasm, which has it's own website.

Monday, June 3, 2013

Amazon Fan

Google scholar

Came across this because there is a submarine canyon within it.

Image here

Shark reef

The patch reef located just seaward of the Key Largo sink, once used as a dive site known as shark reef, is now dead, due to pollution from septic tanks in south Florida.

Theory of Global Warming

The page "Theory of global warming" does not exist. On Wikipedia.  Global warming theory?  Nope, no page for the theory.

There used to be this info at the link but it's since been deleted

The Swedish chemist in 1896 give explanation of two gases carbon dioxide and water vapor that they help in trap the sun’s heat in the atmosphere of earth and warmer the earth. He was the first scientist who put forward this theory in 19th century he said that global warming is caused by burning of coal during industrialization would increase the temperature of earth and he then predicted that carbon dioxide would cause in increasing the temperature. He states that the influence is greater in winter than summer and greater on land then ocean. He said it is hoped to enjoy ages with better climate situations. In 1938 Guy S. Callendar published in his studies that fossil fuels was responsible for global warming and humans had added a millions of carbon dioxide into the air as 1 degree Fahrenheit temperature had been risen in 1934 and 1980 so these rising temperatures results in less snow. In 1957 Roger published in his theory that large amount of greenhouse gases had been pumped by human activities and it’s very difficult to know about their quantity. He advised all scientists to inquire about the quantity of gases in atmosphere. In 1958 new instrument was installed by young chemist so he could measure the quantity of gasses in atmosphere which was successfully launched with good results. 

Global Warming Theory in a Nutshell

Much more info than you will find on Wikipedia.

Here are some mentions of the theory not found on Wikipedia

NASA GISS jsc.nasa (pdf) Earth Observatory (archived)
Skepticalscience blog
Scienceofdoom blog and once again (“standard theory” about CO2)

Ocean holes

On Google scholar, but not on Wikipedia

Sunday, June 2, 2013

Unknown (and unnamed) glaciers in New Guinea

Updated July 4 2010

The New Google Maps now has much better views of the entire mountain chain there. Be sure and click the "slant view" option, lets you see the glaciers in 3D

Google Earth Engine view, not much to see, but look at the mine.  Fascinating.

Photos of the mine pit and famous glaciers here

 (following is the original post, links are to the old Google Maps views)
Visible with Google Earth if you know where to look.  After years of searching I can find no source even describing these glaciers, nor any mention of their discovery.  In fact, the Google images (from Landstat photos) are the only evidence of their existence I can find. Because the photos are years old, the ice may have melted by now.  Hence only these photos of them may exist. In either case, you won't find these tropical glaciers on Wikipedia.  Or anywhere else for that matter.

Unnamed glacier
Unnamed glacier
Unnamed glacier

View of them all
If you are zoomed out just one more click, none of them will show up,  and the newer photos seem to show no ice.

These are something not found on Wikipedia, and according to the rules of Wikipedia, they will never be found there.  No sources.  (A picture by a satellite of something that actually exist, or did exist, doesn't qualify for Wikipedia, if there are no published sources to draw on for an article)

The famous (and well known) glaciers of New Guinea appear once in the article about New Guinea